Covid-19 UK: Coronavirus infections jump 29% in a week in England
Health chiefs have started cranking up their Covid advice as the virus continues its resurgence ahead of the winter.
Cases have jumped by nearly 30 per cent in the space of a week, according to the Government’s best surveillance data.
And the number of virus-infected patients in hospital has hit a two-month high, piling even more pressure on an already-crippled NHS.
Experts fear the situation will pick up pace in the coming weeks, and experts have already called on ministers to bring back stricter rules to thwart the spread of the virus.
Some hospitals have already reimposed mask requirements for visitors and patients. Others have brought back social distancing guidelines, in scenes reminiscent of the darkest days of the pandemic.
Advice from the UK Health Security Agency, tasked with controlling the outbreak, is also starting to ramp up.
Guidance communicated towards the end of summer when cases were fizzling out merely encouraged people to meet in well-ventilated spaces, wash their hands regularly and stay away from others if ill.
Yet the wording has toughened over the past fortnight, with its most recent update saying it is ‘particularly important’ that people who are unwell avoid contact with the elderly.
Despite Covid fears starting to mount once again, ministers have made no hint that any return of pandemic-era curbs are on the horizon.
Office for National Statistics (ONS) statisticians estimate around 1.1million people were infected with the virus on any given day in the week up to September 24. The figure was up 29 per cent on the 857,400 thought to have the virus daily in the week before
Covid was most prevalent in the over-70s, of whom 2.5 per cent tested positive for the virus in the most recent week
The worst affected region in England was the North East, where 2.5 per cent of people were carrying the virus. It was followed by the South East and South West (both 2.2 per cent)
A total of 9,631 people with coronavirus were in hospital as of 8am on October 5, according to NHS England. This is up 37 per cent from 7,024 a week earlier and is the highest figure since August 3. Graph shows: Number of Covid patients in hospital (blue line) compared to number there primarily because of the virus (red line)
The number of tests coming back positive was 9.2 per 100,000, a 10 per cent increase compared to the previous week. Graph shows: Number of confirmed cases (blue bars) and test positivity (dotted line) each week up to October 2
Confirmed cases were highest in the most vulnerable over-80 age group. However, confirmed cases rely on people taking tests, with older people living in care homes more likely to have regular swabs. They were lowest in those aged 10 to 19 and five to nine, despite the return to schools last month. Graph shows: Confirmed Covid cases per age group in England each week up to October 2
Graph shows: The number of confirmed Covid cases each week in England in the weeks up to October 2
Dr Susan Hopkins, chief medical advisor at the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA), says people feeling unwell should avoid seeing their relatives and wear face masks
Number of Covid patients in English hospitals jumps to highest level for TWO months
The number of hospital beds in England occupied by Covid-infected patients has climbed to its highest level for two months, in another sign of the virus’s resurgence.
NHS England’s most up-to-date data shows there were 9,631 infected people needing treatment as of yesterday. This was up 37 per cent from the 7,024 logged just a week earlier and represents the highest figure since August 3.
However, experts have argued the jump is mainly being driven by so-called ‘incidental’ cases, where patients are admitted for another illness — such as a broken leg or a heart attack — and later test positive.
Patient numbers topped 14,000 in mid-July at the peak of the wave of infections caused by the Omicron BA.4 and BA.5 subvariants of the virus.
They had been falling steadily until mid-September but have since started to creep up again, prompting some to declare it the start of the inevitable winter wave.
Prime Minister Liz Truss labelled previous restrictions during the pandemic as ‘too much’ and ruled out ever bringing in another lockdown.
Instead of using blanket restrictions to control the virus, the Government has opted to trust society to show ‘personal responsibility’.
Health advice is still updated, in order to keep the public in the loop about the situation and encourage them to change their behaviours in the event of future waves.
Dr Susan Hopkins, chief medical advisor at the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA), said anyone with a cold-like illness should wear a face covering in public.
She added: ‘If you are unwell, it is particularly important to avoid contact with elderly people or those who are more likely to have severe disease because of their ongoing health conditions.
‘Make sure you have any Covid vaccinations you are eligible for and avoid contact with others if you feel unwell or have symptoms of a respiratory infection.’
Today’s ONS figures show Covid infections were increasing across all four nations of the UK at the end of last month.
Some 113,000 had the virus on any given day in Scotland in the week up to September 24, up 15 per cent on the 98,800 carrying the virus in the previous week.
Infections increased 101 per cent in Northern Ireland to 46,100 and 0.8 per cent in Wales to 63,400 in the week up to September 26.
Covid was most prevalent in the over-70s, of whom 2.5 per cent tested positive for the virus in the most recent week. The number of infections in the age group jumped 49 per cent over the seven days.
Infections fell slightly in secondary school aged children and people aged 24 or younger.
The worst affected region in England was the North East, where 2.5 per cent of people were carrying the virus. It was followed by the South East and South West (both 2.2 per cent).
Sarah Crofts, deputy director for the Covid-19 Infection Survey, said: ‘Infections have continued to increase in England, reaching levels last seen in Mid-August.
‘The rest of the UK is a mixed picture, with uncertain trends in Wales and Scotland and a recent increase in Northern Ireland.
‘Amongst the over 70s there has been a marked increase in infections in England this week, a trend which we will closely monitor as the winter months progress.’
Meanwhile, NHS England’s most up-to-date data shows there were 9,631 infected people needing hospital treatment as of Wednesday.
This was up 37 per cent from the 7,024 logged just a week earlier and represents the highest figure since August 3.
UKHSA surveillance data also shows cases appear to be highest in over-80s at the moment.
However, confirmed cases rely on people taking tests and old people living in care homes are more likely to have regular swabs.
Dr Hopkins said: ‘This week’s data shows concerning further increases in Covid cases and hospitalisation rates, which are now at their highest level in months. Outbreaks in hospitals and care homes are also on the rise.
‘If you have symptoms of a respiratory infection, wearing a face covering will also help stop infections spreading.’
Despite the rise in hospital admissions, just four in 10 of Covid patients were primarily admitted because they were unwell with the virus.
The majority are those who tested positive for the virus but are receiving NHS care for another ailment, such as a broken leg.
Some experts have dismissed fear-mongering over the recent spike in cases, arguing the current wave was inevitable due to waning immunity among the population, increased indoor mixing in the colder months and a surge in cases among pupils after they returned to classrooms last month.
Coronavirus hospital data is currently published once a week on a Thursday.
The latest figures show all regions are recording a steady rise in patients, with three regions back to levels last seen in late July.
South West England currently has 1,003 patients who have tested positive for Covid, not far below its peak during the BA.4/BA.5 wave of 1,229.
South East England has 1,553 patients, compared with its summer peak of 1,985, while eastern England has 1,064, compared with a summer peak of 1,432.
All numbers remain well below those reached during the early waves of the pandemic, however.
Sites in East Suffolk, Essex and Gloucestershire now require all visitors to wear coverings when in their hospitals. Some are also telling patients to wear masks and reimposing social distancing guidelines, in scenes reminiscent of the earliest days of the pandemic
Graph shows: Total number of patients in hospital who have Covid in England each day up to September 26
Graph shows: Total number of Covid patients admitted to hospital in England each day up to September 26
Graph shows: Total number of Covid patients on ventilation beds in hospitals in England each day up to September 26
Although two-thirds of Covid patients in hospital are being treated primarily for something else, they still need to be isolated — putting extra pressure on staff already struggling to clear a record backlog of treatment.
Experts claimed the high proportion of incidentals is caused by transmission in hospitals and generally increasing Covid cases in the community.
Professor Christina Pagel, a mathematician at University College London and member of Independent Sage, said on Twitter : ‘Hospital admissions continuing to go up in England — 33 per cent increase over last week. Daily admissions back well over 1,000 a day.
‘Rising in all regions but fastest in East of England, North East & South East. South West remains high and London lowest by far. Not sure why.
‘Both admissions directly because of Covid and where Covid is secondary issue are rising fast, but incidental admissions more so.
‘A sign of fast community spread and high in hospital transmission.’
Boris Johnson’s Government lifted all remaining pandemic curbs in spring, as the success of vaccine rollouts and high immunity in the population meant the UK could ‘learn to live with Covid and end Government regulation’.
The former Prime Minister noted that the Government may reimpose measures if a new variant emerged that placed ‘unsustainable pressure’ on the NHS.
However, the UK has remained restriction-free since then, despite two more Covid peaks, and new PM Liz Truss has said she would not bring in a lockdown.
She labelled the restrictions brought in under Mr Johnson — including three shutdowns, school closures and work from home measures — as ‘draconian’ and said the Government ‘did too much’.
In previous lockdowns, the threat of unsustainable pressure on the NHS was the key metric used to decide whether the restriction was required.
Health chiefs hope the autumn Covid booster campaign — targeting 26million over-50s, at-risk groups and health and care staff — will blunt the impact of the wave on the already crippled health service.